PCOS (Poly Cystic Ovary Syndrome) is a common condition in reproductive aged women. In PCO there is imbalance of Reproductive hormones i.e., LH & FSH. Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) is responsible for follicle to get stimulated & to grow. Luteinizing Hormone (LH) is responsible for egg to get mature & release from ovary.
In PCOS, there is excess of LH & less of FSH. As a result of low FSH there is no follicular growth in ovary & due to increase LH it leads to increase in productions of male hormone Androgen from ovaries which results in cyst formation in ovary & delayed menses.
A woman who has PCO fail to ovulate or doesn’t ovulate regularly which leads to difficulty in getting pregnant & irregular delayed period.
Along with hormonal there are metabolic abnormalities associated with PCOS as well.
In PCOS, there is insulin resistance which impairs glucose metabolism. There is excess fat deposition leading to weight gain & obesity.
Symptoms of PCO:
- Amenorrhea (absence of menstrual period)/ Oligomenorrhea (delayed, irregular menses).
- Hirsutism (abnormal growth of hair in a woman’s face & body).
- Weight gain.
- Insulin resistance.
Causes of PCOS:
- Still unknown.
- Research says family history of PCOS can cause this condition in young women.
- But it may be due to high levels of male hormones (Androgen) that prevent the ovaries from making eggs normally.
- Genetic factors also play a major role.
- Correcting the hormonal imbalance with the help of hormonal tablets.
- Laparoscopic ovarian drilling.
- IVF (In- Vitro Fertilization).