Udaipur, Jaipur & Kota Center


Udaipur, Jaipur & Kota Center

What Is Bicornuate Uterus? Its Causes, Symptoms, And Treatment

What is Bicornuate Uterus? Its Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

The female reproductive system is beautifully intricate, yet variations can occur that impact fertility and pregnancy. One such variation is the bicornuate uterus, a congenital condition that affects the shape of the uterus. In this blog, we’ll explore what a bicornuate uterus is, its potential causes, common symptoms, and available treatment options.

Understanding the Bicornuate Uterus

A bicornuate uterus, also known as a heart-shaped uterus, is a structural abnormality where the uterus has two distinct chambers separated by a septum. This congenital condition occurs during embryonic development when the fusion of the two Müllerian ducts is incomplete, leading to the formation of a uterus with two “horns.”

Causes of Bicornuate Uterus

The exact cause of a bicornuate uterus is not always clear, but it’s believed to be related to a disruption in the normal development of the Müllerian ducts during early fetal development.

Symptoms of Bicornuate Uterus

While some women with a bicornuate uterus may not experience any symptoms, others might:

  1. Recurrent Miscarriages: One of the most significant symptoms is a higher risk of recurrent miscarriages, especially during the first trimester.
  2. Preterm Labor: Women with a bicornuate uterus may have an increased risk of preterm labor and premature birth due to limited space for the growing fetus.
  3. Malpresentation: The unusual shape of the uterus can lead to abnormal fetal positioning, potentially necessitating cesarean section deliveries.

Diagnosis of Bicornuate Uterus

Bicornuate uterus is typically diagnosed through:

  1. Ultrasound: This imaging technique can provide a clear view of the uterus and its shape.
  2. Hysterosalpingography (HSG): A contrast dye is used to visualize the uterine cavity and identify any structural abnormalities.

Treatment Options

  1. Monitoring: Women with a bicornuate uterus who have successful pregnancies may simply need closer monitoring to detect any potential complications.
  2. Cervical Cerclage: To reduce the risk of preterm labor, a cervical cerclage (stitch) may be placed to strengthen the cervix and support the pregnancy.
  3. Fertility Treatments: For those facing fertility challenges, assisted reproductive techniques like in vitro fertilization (IVF) can help bypass potential obstacles posed by the abnormal uterine shape.
  4. Surgical Correction: In some cases, surgical procedures can be considered to correct the uterine abnormality, though these are less common due to associated risks.


A bicornuate uterus is a unique structural variation that can impact fertility, pregnancy, and delivery. While it may present challenges, it’s important to remember that many women with this condition go on to have successful pregnancies with proper medical care and management. If you suspect you have a bicornuate uterus or have concerns about fertility, consulting a healthcare professional best IVF specialist in Udaipur is essential. With the right guidance and personalized care, women can make informed decisions about their reproductive health and the best course of action to achieve a healthy pregnancy.

Translate »