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What Is Ovarian Torsion?

What Is Ovarian Torsion?

The human body is a delicate balance of intricate structures, and when unexpected complications arise, they can disrupt normal functions. Ovarian torsion is one such complication that can affect women’s reproductive health. In this blog, we’ll delve into what ovarian torsion is, its causes, symptoms, and the importance of prompt medical attention in managing this condition.

Understanding Ovarian Torsion

Ovarian torsion occurs when an ovary becomes twisted, cutting off its blood supply. This twist can lead to a range of symptoms and, if left untreated, can have serious consequences for fertility and overall health.

Causes of Ovarian Torsion

Several factors can contribute to ovarian torsion:

  1. Ovary Enlargement: Enlarged ovaries due to conditions like cysts, tumors, or ovarian stimulation during fertility treatments are more prone to twisting.
  2. Anatomical Factors: Certain anatomical conditions, such as a long ovarian ligament, can increase the risk of torsion.
  3. Physical Activity: Vigorous physical activity or sudden movements can trigger torsion, especially if the ovaries are already enlarged.
  4. Pregnancy: Pregnant women are at a slightly higher risk of ovarian torsion due to the changes in the pelvis and increased blood flow to the ovaries.

Symptoms of Ovarian Torsion

The symptoms of ovarian torsion can vary, but they often include:

  1. Sudden and Severe Pain: Intense abdominal or pelvic pain, usually on one side.
  2. Nausea and Vomiting: Nausea and vomiting can accompany the pain.
  3. Abdominal Swelling: Swelling or bloating in the abdominal area.
  4. Painful Intercourse: Pain during sexual intercourse.
  5. Frequent Urination: Increased urgency to urinate.
  6. Change in Menstrual Patterns: Irregular menstrual cycles or changes in bleeding patterns.

Importance of Prompt Medical Attention

Ovarian torsion is a medical emergency that requires immediate attention. If left untreated, it can lead to damage to the ovary and surrounding tissues, potentially impacting fertility. The twisted ovary can also cause an interruption in blood flow, leading to tissue death (necrosis) and infection.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Diagnosing ovarian torsion involves a combination of physical examinations, imaging tests (such as ultrasound or MRI), and a detailed medical history. Treatment usually involves:

  1. Surgery: In most cases, surgical intervention is necessary to untwist the ovary and restore blood flow. Depending on the condition of the ovary, the surgeon may also remove any cysts or tumors.
  2. Conservative Management: In some cases, if the torsion is detected early and the ovary hasn’t been severely damaged, it might be possible to manually untwist the ovary during laparoscopy without removing tissue.


Ovarian torsion serves as a reminder of the intricate nature of the human body and the potential complications that can arise unexpectedly. Recognizing the symptoms of ovarian torsion and seeking prompt medical attention can make a significant difference in preserving ovarian health and fertility. If you experience sudden and severe abdominal or pelvic pain, especially if accompanied by other symptoms, it’s crucial to consult a best fertility doctor in Rajasthan promptly. By understanding the risks, symptoms, and importance of early intervention, women can take proactive steps to safeguard their reproductive well-being.

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